Brand new atrocities took place almost eighty years ago, but the students found the new trouble and you can wake experienced by the feminine real now. Brand new survivors‘ personal reports, throughout their vividness and you will immediacy, galvanized the young to the taking action. 20
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1. Peipei Qiu, Zhiliang Su, and you can Lifei Chen, Chinese Comfort Women-Testimonies off Imperial Japan’s Sex Submissives (Oxford: Oxford College Push, 20step 13), step 1.
2. In 2016, new California Panel regarding Education included a conclusion of your own Japanese purple sex thraldom program in the modified tenth-degree records/public research construction.
step 3. Okabe Naosaburo, Okabe Naosaburo taisho no nikki (Tokyo: Fuyo shobo, 1982), 23 (entry for February fourteen, 1932), quoted within the Yoshimi Yoshiaki, Comfort Female: Sexual Bondage on the Japanese Military During World war ii (Ny: Columbia College or university Force, 1995), 45.
4. Yuki Tanaka, Japan’s Morale Female: Sexual Slavery and you will Prostitution through the The second world war while the Us Field (Nyc: Routledge, 2002), 21.
5. To possess historical background off spirits station, see chapter dos within the Yoshimi’s guide. This chapter includes context and evidences how the Japanese military is actually working in establishing and you can dealing with morale programs.
8. Reports out-of Yong Soo Lee and Jan Ruff O’Herne is based on their comments at You Congress reading. Securing the human Liberties out of morale female: Reading up until the Subcommittee to your China, the Pacific, as well as the All over the world Ecosystem of one’s Panel towards Overseas Activities, Family away from Agencies, 110th Congress, initially Session (2007, March 15) (Serial No. 110–16) (Washington, DC: You Regulators Printing Workplace).
15. Hiralia Bustamante’s story is based on their interview which have Far-eastern Societal Fairness interns at the CUNY Queensborough Society University when you look at the .
17. In 2015, governments off Japan and you can Southern area Korea finalized an agreement to resolve the comfort female topic. But not, extremely survivors in Korea as well as their supporters didn’t accept it as true because an actual otherwise genuine technique for solving the battle offense, whilst lacked the latest sounds of one’s sufferers out of Korea and you may different countries altogether. Having previous arguments and you may situations more than spirits women ranging from Japan and you will Southern area Korea, come across Tom Phuong Ce, “Negotiating when you look at the Good faith: Beating Legitimacy Trouble regarding Japan-Southern Korea Reconciliation Techniques,” Log out of Far eastern Knowledge 78, no. step three (2019): 621–644; and you can Young-Hwan Chong, “Japan Armed forces ‘Spirits Women‘ Topic plus the 1965 system: Spirits Female of Empire and two-fold Historic Revisionism,” European Diary regarding Korean Degree 19, no. step one (2019): 201–227.
18. Mary M. McCarthy, “United states Morale Women Memorials: Car having Knowledge and change,” Asia Pacific Bulletin, no. 275 (20step one4): 1.
20. The fresh article writers arranged a lesson using the Query Build Structure to have this new high-school otherwise school class. The brand new instruction and you can tips are for sale to download free at
JIMIN KIM is another Student and you may focuses on modern Korean background as well as the history of Us–Korean–Japanese relationships. She’s got actively explored and you may taught into the facts of contemporary Korean records, particularly the comfort women” question. She is the application Manager of your own Asian Personal Justice Program at Kupferberg Holocaust Heart, Queensborough Community College. This lady has setup training to have a unique internship system getting school youngsters into the comfort women question, if you find yourself carrying out search into the perception of spirits feminine course in the usa.
BEVERLY MILNER (LEE) BISLAND try Member Teacher on the Company out-of Elementary and Early Childhood Knowledge in the Queens University in town University of new York (Flushing, Ny). Their particular research focuses primarily on educators from inside the elementary classrooms in addition to their engagement having public degree topics, like the incorporation regarding number one sources, children’s literary works, and tech within classrooms. This woman is a dynamic presenter from the federal meetings, like the National Council for the Societal Knowledge plus the International Set up. This lady has blogged scholarly blogs in various look magazines. She is the new Beginning Editor of Diary off Global Social Education.